The Unicode Standard v. 5.1 has six precomposed characters with ring above, viz. ‘A’ and ‘a’ in Latin-1 Supplement (pp. 25 and 28), ‘U’ and ‘u’ in Latin Ex- tended-A (pp. 34–35), and ‘w’ and ‘y’ in Latin Extended-B (p. 57). This subrange contains four additional characters with ring above. The Unicode Standard advises encoding characters of this type as a sequence of the baseline character and the COMBINING RING ABOVE (030A), and this way of encoding has been given as an alternative for each character below.